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Sample Plans


An emergency can happen anytime.  You and your family should know what to do if an emergency happens when you are at home or at work.  Even if you think you are not in a disaster-prone area, something like a chemical tanker truck overturning, a railcar jumps the track, a wind or winter storm can prevent you from getting to or from home or work. For more information from

No family or business should be operated without a disaster plan and emergency disaster kits (GO KITS). 

  • Meet with household members: Explain the dangers to children and work with them to prepare your family. 
  • Post emergency phone numbers: Include them in your cell phone.
  • Learn: You and your family should learn how to turn off the water, gas and electricity safely.
  • Choose an Out-of-Town Contact: Set up a time frame that you will call them by.
  • Teach Children: how to make a long distance call and/or text messaging.
  • Complete a Communications Plan: How will you get in contact with each other if you are at work or school.  (Cell phone lines may be down or overloaded.)
  • Escape Routes and Safe Places: Practice evacuating your home or workplace.



You may need to survive on your own after an emergency.  This means having your own food, water, and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least three (3) days.  Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone immediately.  You could get help in hours, or it might take days.  In addition, basic services such as electricity, gas, water, sewage treatment, and telephone may be off for days. 

Here are few items you need for your Go Kit:


  • Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
  • Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
  • Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First Aid Kit
  • Whistle to signal for help
  • Dust Mask, to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
  • Moist wipes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Can opener for food (if Kit contains canned food)
  • Local Maps
  • Cell phones with chargers, inverters or solar charger
  • Prescriptions, medications and glasses
  • Infant formula and diapers
  • Pet food and extra water for your pet
  • Cash or traveler’s checks and change
  • Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container.  You can use the Emergency Financial First Aid Kit (EFFAK) developed by FEMA and Citizen Corps to help you organize your information
  • Emergency reference material such as a first aid book or information from
  • Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person. Consider additional bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate.
  • Complete change of clothing including a long sleeved shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes. Consider additional clothing if you live in a cold-weather climate.
  • Fire Extinguisher
  • Matches in a waterproof container
  • Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
  • Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils, paper towels
  • Paper, pencil, books, games, puzzles or other activities for children